— Tryhackme — 1 min read
Category - Easy
Creator - ReddyyZ
Room Link - Brute It
Let's start with nmap.
nmap -sC -sV -v -oA nmap/initial IP
1PORT STATE SERVICE VERSION222/tcp open ssh OpenSSH 7.6p1 Ubuntu 4ubuntu0.3 (Ubuntu Linux; protocol 2.0)3| ssh-hostkey:4| 2048 4b:0e:bf:14:fa:54:b3:5c:44:15:ed:b2:5d:a0:ac:8f (RSA)5| 256 d0:3a:81:55:13:5e:87:0c:e8:52:1e:cf:44:e0:3a:54 (ECDSA)6|_ 256 da:ce:79:e0:45:eb:17:25:ef:62:ac:98:f0:cf:bb:04 (ED25519)780/tcp open http Apache httpd 2.4.29 ((Ubuntu))8| http-methods:9|_ Supported Methods: GET POST OPTIONS HEAD10|_http-server-header: Apache/2.4.29 (Ubuntu)11|_http-title: Apache2 Ubuntu Default Page: It works12Service Info: OS: Linux; CPE: cpe:/o:linux:linux_kernel
We have 2 ports open. Now , we can run gobuster for recon but before that I always maually try out some common ones like robots.txt , login , admin etc. And turns out , we have /admin .
We have a login form . Let's check the source code . We have a comment .
So , we know that the username is admin . Now , we can brute the password using hydra with rockyou.txt.
After a few secs , we got our password . Logging in with this password takes us to /admin/panel.
Here , we have our web flag and John's RSA private key. To SSH as john using this private key , we need to have the passphrase for this key as it is encrypted. For this , we use ssh2john .
ssh2john.py id_rsa > hash
Now just throw this hash to john using rockyou.txt . After a few secs , we have the passphrase.
Now SSH as john in the machine using this passphrase . And We are in . Get our user flag right away.
Let's try some low hanging fruits first .
tells us that we can run /bin/cat as root user .This is awesome as now , we have READ access to everything. Let's actually try to read the root flag (most of the time it is at /root/root.txt). And Dude , we got it.
But we also have to find the root password. For that , we will read the shadow file.
So, we have the root hash which is basically a SHA-512 unix hash. Let's hashcat this.
hashcat -m 1800 -a 0 root_hash /usr/share/wordlists/rockyou.txt
After a few secs , we got it.
Boom ! We are done . This was an easy one but it was a lot of fun.
Hope you learned something new and thanks for reading .